Masood Ahmed, 26, of Seaforth Avenue, New Malden, south-west London, was sentenced at Guildford Crown Court.
The woman was attacked by Ahmed in Parvis Road in West Byfleet in the early hours of 13 August 2010.
Det Ch Insp Steve Hayes said: "This was a sickening assault by Ahmed who saw an opportunity to attack a lone woman in the quiet early hours and took it."
Ahmed was sentenced to nine years in prison for each of the two counts of rape he was convicted of, and five years for a charge of assault, to run concurrently.
He also received two years for one count of making threats to kill, to run consecutively.'Extremely rare'
Mr Hayes added: "I am extremely pleased with the sentences handed down today.
"Stranger attacks of this nature are extremely rare in Surrey and we treat them very seriously.
"Surrey Police put every available resource into this inquiry and our work paid off with Ahmed identified and arrested within 24 hours.
"I am very proud of the efforts made by the whole investigation team."
Surrey Police said Ahmed, who worked for a firm in London, had forced the woman into woodland, put his hands around her throat and threatened to kill her before he assaulted and raped her.
Officers recovered a number of items from the scene including a petrol receipt which allowed detectives to trace Ahmed from CCTV at a filling station.